Your memories make you who you are! From birth to death, every second we spend on this planet is memorable and should be cherished. While we certainly cannot go back in time, we can “relive” these moments with the power of photography. Each frame captures some of the most beautiful moments we spend with our loved ones. The use of different types of photography adds a creative and artistic touch to these images and allows us to see everyday things differently.
Unlike the usual point-and-shoot photography of the past, these new types of photography require a special skill set, technical knowledge, and the right equipment to take a ‘perfect shot’. If you are interested in taking photography as a hobby or profession, this article can be of great help!
But before we start talking about the 15 most popular types of photography with images and details, let’s take a look at the background of photography.
History of photography:
Photography is a relatively new art form that began in the early 11th century with the invention of the first Camera Obscura. It was a square camera that took non-printable blurry photos that could only be projected onto a smoother surface. In 1826 the world’s first printed photograph appeared after much experimentation with printing techniques.
It was in the 1880s that George Eastman introduced the idea of a commercial camera through the Kodak company. The camera was compact and had flexible rolls, which could take up to 100 shots. This was relatively inexpensive and made the camera accessible to everyone. In the 1950s, Nikon introduced the concept of SLR cameras, which revolutionized professional photography.
In the digital age, the concept of photography is taken to a higher level. Physical prints are now replaced with digital versions that can be saved in the ‘cloud’. High definition photos can be taken anywhere and anywhere using handheld smartphones with advanced settings. Post-processing jobs are now done on computers instead of sweltering dark rooms. Different forms of photography are introduced to cover a variety of subjects, themes and themes rather than limiting the art to recording events and occasions.
Types of photography: every photographer should know:
See the different styles of photography in the world, with details and images taken from various sources (with credits due):
1. Landscape photography:
This is one of the popular types of photography styles that captures the beauty of nature. Topics include outdoor items such as mountains, bodies of water, seasons, farms, sunrise, sunsets, etc. In addition to nature, this photograph can also include artificial elements such as buildings or gardens. Wildlife photography, which includes both flora and fauna, is a subcategory of this genre.
Typically, photographers use landscape mode on cameras to capture various objects in a panoramic frame or lens for a 180-degree view. To create various effects, you experiment with things like depth of field, aperture, and shutter speed. The use of tripods can ensure image stabilization and prevent image blur.
2. Architectural photography:
Also called “urban landscape” photography, architectural photography focuses on details such as buildings, constructions, monuments, temples or even urban landscapes. The subject can be interior or exterior and is creatively represented. Architectural photos are mostly taken during the day, but night modes, when taken with the right lighting, can be very impressive.
While advanced camera phones can take great photos, using different types of lenses allows you to capture buildings in different ways. All photographers use the tilt and shift lens to eliminate perspective distortion, where the subject looks very different from our normal eyesight.
3. Abstract photography:
This is a new type of photography that does not have adequate definition. Photographers use their creativity to express their concepts in a dramatically different way. Elements such as light, shadow, or shapes can be randomly captured to represent an idea or theme that cannot otherwise be seen with normal eyesight. The usual details displayed in a traditional photograph are ignored and the images unleash the imagination of a viewer.
Abstract photos can appear differently for each person, depending on their ideology and current state of mind. Simplicity and mystery are the keywords of this style of photography. Composition, viewing angle, and lighting play a huge role in minimizing unwanted clutter for a sharper, clearer photo. Post-processing can be essential to manipulate images and create a sense of wonder.
4. Portrait photography:
This is one of the basic types of photography that captures the details of humans, such as characteristics, expressions, and emotions. By using the right lighting and backgrounds, a normal person can portray himself in an artistic way. Portraits can have many purposes, such as business, clinical studies, or occasions such as weddings or special events. The part of the body, which is the main subject of the photograph, is in sharp focus, keeping the other areas in soft focus.
Lighting plays a key role in portrait photography. Some of the many lighting plans used in this style are key light, high key, low key, fill light, etc. Even natural sunlight can be used at specific times to take rich photos. Effects such as silhouette can be taken by placing the camera at specific angles to achieve the correct play of light and shadow.
5. Wildlife photography:
Wildlife photography is one of the popular types of photography that captures wildlife in their natural habitats like forests, national parks, etc. Behind the impressive images there is a great effort on the part of the photographer who has to wait patiently for the animal or bird to come out of hiding. They also need a good understanding of the animal’s movements and behavior to capture the photos at the right time.
To get the best out of wildlife photography, you will need special lenses that have a long focal length to capture your subject in a full frame. Depending on the type of habitat, additional equipment such as flash extenders, drones, camera traps, etc. may be needed. for exceptional shots. Also, invest in cameras with high image stabilization to capture moving animals without ruining the shot.
6. Lifestyle photography:
Lifestyle photography captures people in real life situations, just as they are. There are no presets or waiting for the ‘right’ moment. Instead, photos capture natural moments and expressions to create visual appeal to people. It can also be called candid photography, but the effects are more professional and surprisingly good.
Lifestyle photography is one of the most challenging types of photography, where situations can get out of hand. They are usually taken in everyday places to represent the natural lifestyle of the people. But, in recent times, planned or staged photos are also classified in this genre, where the subjects are taken to places they have never been and represent a particular scene.
7. Newborn photography:
Newborn photography is one of the specialized types of photography. This difficult genre involves clicking on pictures of babies that are no more than 2-3 months old. Photo shoots require a safe environment for the baby, with controlled lighting to prevent damage to their tender skin and eyes. You should also get full details of the baby’s schedule, such as time to eat, sleep, and current health status.
Baby photography props are available on websites, which come in all sizes and budgets. From pretty hats to fluffy fabrics to unique costumes, you can invest in a couple of them to make your photos look more interesting. Also, choose mirrorless cameras that are quiet and will not wake a sleeping baby. Try to use natural sunlight or light box, diffuser and light reflector, which are safe for your sensitive skin.
8. Macro photography:
Macro photography is one of the most amazing types of photography that takes extreme close-up shots of tiny objects such as insects, flowers (internal details), etc. You can choose the natural environment of the organism or bring it to the study if it is dead. The subject is then enlarged to complete the frame, capturing even the smallest details in the process. However, close-ups of larger objects cannot be called macro photos.
Before attempting to take a macro photo, you should understand the concept of the 1: 1 ratio. This magnification ratio defines the relationship between the size of the subject in focus on the sensor and its size in reality. For example, if you are shooting a 1 cm error in size, your projection on the sensor will also be 1 cm. To achieve this, you must invest in macro lenses, which are often expensive.
Other cheaper alternatives to these lenses are extension tubes, clip-on lenses, or the use of complicated techniques such as reverse lens macro photography.
9. Aerial photography:
Aerial photography is one of the most interesting types of photography that captures scenes from the sky. Photographs give us a bird’s eye view of our surroundings and provide us with valuable data on topography, soil conditions, vegetation, etc. Previously, aerial photographs were taken from airplanes, helicopters or hot air balloons. But, the challenging nature of these mediums caused many photographers to switch to drones or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
Drones come in different budgets and advanced features that can capture surprisingly good images. Before attempting to take a photo, photographers often analyze the aerial view of the location using Google maps and discover the regulatory rules for a drone in that area. Depending on the time of day, you may need to use certain filters and advanced settings to avoid blurry and overexposed images.
10. Photography of events:
Event photography is one of the exciting types of photography that captures people’s special moments and occasions. This genre has evolved from basic point-and-shoot to using advanced techniques to capture all the fine details. Photographers are hired to cover guests and events at events such as weddings, birthdays, parties, and celebrations.
Photographers typically have a fixed setting for posed photos and a portable setting for taking candid photos. They move around waiting for the best moment to capture people’s expressions and engage the audience to make them feel comfortable. In addition to taking documentary-type photographs, the photographer should also raise the bar for his work by suggesting creative poses and the use of special accessories to give people perfect moments.
11. Time-lapse photography:
In time-lapse photography, images are captured at a much higher frequency than the normal viewing range with one eye. Additionally, multiple images are stitched together in post-processing work to obtain a highly detailed image, which cannot otherwise be achieved with a single image. This type of photography is used to capture subjects such as traffic conditions, flower blooming, seed sprouting, landscape or weather conditions, sky movement.
One of the most important items in a time lapse photography style is a tripod. You will need a sturdy tripod to keep the camera quiet for a long time to capture the rapidly changing scenes. Professional photographers use advanced accessories like Time Lapse to control the number of photos taken during a particular time interval.
12. Fashion photography:
This is one of the most prominent types of photography that captures elements and people related to the world of fashion or glamor. It involves the use of special equipment, choreography, and aesthetic locations or settings to capture the beauty of the accessories. There are four subcategories in this genre: catalog photography, haute couture photography, street photography, and editorial fashion photography, which have different goals to achieve.
This style of photography is widely used in advertisements and fashion magazines to showcase clothing or accessories. It’s a lucrative genre that can bring you good money and a reputation, but it also has fierce competition at the same time. Along with a high-end camera and lighting equipment, you will also need good equipment to help you with your clothes and makeup to get the best shots.
13. Street photography:
This is a candid photography subtype that captures random people and situations in public places. It generally does not require any prior permission or knowledge of its subjects and can be carried anywhere and anytime. Photographers often find an interesting moment or character on the streets, which they creatively capture on their cameras. It is important to use compact equipment than heavy studio equipment to avoid looking obvious on the streets and attracting unwanted attention.
Choosing the right lens can make a key difference in the quality of your photos. Experts recommend switching to AV mode and deciding the correct manual ISO and f-stop settings based on the time of day and the amount of lighting. You can overcome the risk of blurry shots by adjusting the settings to increase the shutter speed.
14. Underwater photography:
This type of photography captures life underwater and uses submersible equipment. In addition to possessing great camera skills, the photographer must also master swimming and diving techniques to play safely. Underwater photography is mainly used to study marine life such as fish, corals, caves, underwater landscapes, shipwrecks, or even to take pictures of people in the water.
There are many challenges in this style of photography. Subjects are constantly moving and underwater situations can spiral out of control in seconds. Also, getting the required amount of illumination can be difficult and even if you do, colors and contrast can be affected due to absorption of the wavelength by water. This is where modern underwater cameras with suitable lenses and accessories like diffusers make a significant difference.
15. Food photography:
Food photography is one of the most sought-after genres in recent times. It is often combined with travel photography, where photographers take exceptional photographs of local cuisine as part of their trip. However, true food photography is still life photography in which the subject, that is, the food is made to look attractive and colorful using special lighting, arrangement, and plating techniques.
Typically, food photography is used to present products in magazines, menus, Instagram pages, blog sites, or even in advertisements. You will need separate equipment to capture the details of each item on the board, such as macro lenses, tripod, and reflectors. The use of accessories such as vintage tableware, rustic plates, elegant napkins and tableware, etc. you can elevate the beauty of your images to a whole new level.
These are some of the main types of photography followed by photographers in recent times. Apart from these genres, there are many other categories like black and white, indoor photography, medical photography, night photography, etc. Depending on your area of interest, you can explore one of these types and gain the necessary skill and experience to master that. Try following the relevant blog sites and Instagram accounts of popular photographers to update your knowledge of the techniques. Happy clicking!